Aquarium light is important for plants and to see our fish, but I did not know if it were possible to leave the light on for the whole night. I looked around online and asked some other aquarium keepers with a lot of experience. Here is what I learned.
Do aquarium fish need light during the night of can you turn it off? The fish do not need light and it is best that your turn it off during the night. Leaving the light on can cause stress to fish as they need a period of darkness to sleep. Too much light will cause algae to rapidly grow and make your tank look dirty.
So the short answer is no, do not leave your lights on. But what if you would? There are a couple of different crucial factors you should know. In this article I will explain everything you need to know.
Light during the night causes stress to aquarium fish
Not turning off the light during the night for a longer period of time causes stress to all aquarium fish. In an aquarium we always try to make the circumstances as natural as possible. This is to give our fish the best possible conditions for them to live in. Remember that we are responsible.
A big part of this is mimicking the day and night cycle. When the fish have no “night” they will get stressed and display symptoms like lack of appetite, constant hiding and fighting each other. When you let this go long enough they might even die from their symptoms.
You will notice these symptoms soon enough, however there will be another problem that you will not be able to ignore much sooner. Algae.
Other effects too much aquarium light has on your tank
Personally, I have accidentally left my aquarium light on for a weekend. When I got back on Sunday evening, there was so much string algae in my aquarium! This is what happens when there is too much light.
Algae will be able to out compete all live plants that you have in your aquarium. Especially when there is a lot of nutrients readily available.
You might think that having (fast growing) live plants in your aquarium will counter this problem. I thought the same but my aquarium was proof that the algae still thrive when there is too much light.
Therefore, whenever you see algae, make sure to cut back on the amount of light. This is an effective way to battle algae in your aquarium.
Are you running CO2 injection?
I am running CO2 injection on one of my tanks, which only adds pressurized CO2 when the lights are on. This means that my CO2 will run out way quicker when my lights are on 24 hours per day instead of the 10 hours they are running right now.
Also, live plants need a period of darkness as well. Therefore it is important to turn your aquarium light off during the night. During this period the photosynthesis stops and contribute to the day and night cycle all plants have.
How many hours can you leave your light on per day
When your aquarium is still new, I always recommend starting at around 8 to 10 hours of light per day. This is an average amount of light, and you will be able to see what effect it has on your aquarium.
If nothing is happening after a couple of weeks (nothing algae-wise) you can increase the duration of light. Do this gradually, with increments of 1 hour. You can do this for a while, but I would stop when you are at 12 hours of light per day. This is a lot of light for just about any aquarium.
When you start and you notice a lot of algae in the aquarium, you probably have too much lights. This can mean that you leave the light on for too long, but it can also be that your light intensity is too bright. Figure out what the problem is and fix it.
What if you do not have live plants in your aquarium? Well than the light can only cause algae. That brings us to the next question, how important is the light for your fish?
What do fish get from aquarium light?
Your fish do not need the light. They can easily navigate and find their way without it. The light is just for us to watch our fish, grow our live plants and make sure the tank is doing well and staying healthy.
This means that theoretically you could have an aquarium without light. But what would be the point right? You want to be able to see your fish.
What you can do however, and this is something that some people in the hobby do, is only turn on the light whenever you are near the aquarium. This way, you are saving electricity (even though LED lights do not use that much power anyways). I have read that people only turn on their aquarium light in the morning before work, and as soon as they get home.
This is possible as long as you do not forget to turn off the light, and the total amount of hours is not extremely high.
Light consistency is important
When we are trying to keep all the conditions as natural as possible for our fish, it is important that the aquarium light turns off and back on again on a predicable schedule. This is best achieved using a timer.
These timers are easy and simple to use. Get them in your local store or here on Amazon, but I would highly recommend one if you are not using them.
Because you have your light on a timer, you will never forget to turn off the light at night. This way, it will not happen that you are beaming intense light at your fish all night long.
Furthermore, you will notice that your fish get used to the schedule as well. I notice this especially with my rummy nose tetras. When I turn on the light in the middle of the night (yes I have done that do not judge please) their noses are not colored at all. When I watch them as soon as the light comes on on their natural schedule their noses are way more colored.
This is the same for feeding on a schedule. The fish will expect to get the food at a certain period of the day.
Mimicking sunrise and sunset
To start with a disclaimer, I do not have such a system. But there are lights out there that can mimic the sunrise and sunset using a gradual increase and decrease in light brightness and temperature (color of the light).
These more fancy systems have two advantages I can think off. One: They look way more awesome and beautiful. I have seen videos, they are stunning.
The other one is a less stressful environment to your fish. You might have noticed that your fish get a minor heart attack when the light turns on in the morning. Yes, they get used to it super quick, but you will see them looking for places to hide. Using a light that mimics sunrise and sunset will prevent such a reaction and reduces stress.
If you are curious what I mean exactly check out this system on Amazon. So cool!