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Betta fish aquariums can benefit greatly from the addition of plants. Of course, aquariums with artificial plants and decorations have their own charm. But natural plants bring something special to your Betta tank. Really, if you want the perfect setup for your pet Betta, you should start a planted tank for them.
It’s important to maintain a natural environment for your pet, one which closely mimics their natural habitat. Plants create this naturalizing effect and also provide Bettas with additional health benefits. For example, Betta fish like to hide in the shade in their natural habitat. If you put plants in your tank, you can give you fish proper coverage and areas to relax in. This will actually reduce the level of stress in Betta and allow them to live longer.
Furthermore, plants possess natural filtering qualities. Live plants are great at neutralizing fish waste and other toxins. They make aquariums crystal clear and safe for your pet. They also add oxygen to the tank which allows your fish to breathe better.
Still, with so many plant options, finding the right Betta plant can be difficult. I’ll go over some of the best plants for Betta. This way you won’t have to spend hours searching for the perfect plant!
These are the 10 best plants for your Betta aquarium:
- Java Fern
- Java Moss
- Amazon Sword
- Dwarf Hairgrass
- Water Wisteria
- Marimo Moss Balls
- Amazon Frogbit
Care tips for plants in your betta tank
Aquarium plants look great in Betta tanks, but you need to keep a few things in mind if you want to grow them properly. Above all, remember that each plant species has its own care requirements and planting requirements. In addition, some plants will be easier to maintain than others. Of course, there are a lot of great plants that can be chosen for beginner Betta owners.
Regardless, specific care and attention needs to be put into any plant you get. For instance, some Betta tank plants need higher levels of light or require a specific water climate. Other plants might only grow well if they are planted in a certain way. Just keep all of this in mind if you want a successful planted tank for your Betta fish.
In addition, make sure to purchase fertilizer for your plants. Many plants require additional nutrients, and will grow better when it is present in their tank. You want your plants grow to their fullest potential. A substrate should also be considered for this reason as well. Many plants root in substrate, but not all plants rely on their roots for nutrients. I’ve got a list of plants which do rely on its root for nutrients, which you can check out here.
Lastly, you need to look over your aquarium plant’s leaves often. Rot and decay on foliage could cause problems for your tank. And it could actually be a sign that the conditions in your tank are deteriorating. Fertilizers and CO2 injections should help keep your plant healthy and rot free though, but if you want to keep your plant low-tech you do not have to inject pressurized CO2.
Make sure you are pruning your water plants as well. Getting rid of any dead leaves is important as well for your betta fish’s health! Floating material will decay and dirty your tank water.
1. Java Fern
The first plant you should consider getting for your Betta tank is the popular Java Fern. Java Fern is a great plant for new Betta owners. It doesn’t have many care requirements and does well in many freshwater tanks. It acclimates especially well to the climate and conditions of a Betta fish tank. Which means you won’t have to adjust your Betta’s water too much.
In addition, Java Fern has low lighting needs so you won’t need to go out and buy a complicated LED system to grow this plant. Fertilizer is recommended for this plant as well, as it will keep your Java healthy. You want large leaves for your Betta to lounge in.
Ferns generally produce big foliage, but fertilizer will help grow them bigger. This is a slow-growing plant that needs an extra boost to create the ultimate habitat for Betta. Just make sure you are pruning this plant and getting rid of dead material.
And ensure that you plant the Java correctly. Its roots should not be covered or buried deeply in a substrate. Really, it’s best to let it root on driftwood or rocks. To fix the plant to wood or rocks, you can use fishing line or super glue.
Hornwort is also well-liked by Betta fish. It takes a bit more effort to grow this in comparison to Java Fern, but you can still cultivate this plant if you don’t have a lot of experience with tanks. Just be aware, the Hornwort has a rapid growth rate. It multiplies fast and leaves behind a lot of plant material.
As a result, you will have to get rid of left behind foliage often, which does need some work. Still, it’s necessary if you want to keep your planted tank under control. Pruning this plant will leave behind less of a mess though. And you can still add fertilizer, just don’t go overboard. Keeping fertilizer to just the minimal need will allow this plant to survive but not grow as quickly.
Overall, the Hornwort adjusts to Betta conditions well. It’s also another plant that gives great coverage for Betta. It gets pretty tall though so make sure you have ample room for this plant in your Betta tank!
3. Java Moss
Java Moss care is super simple to look after as they have many adaptable features. They tend to like less light than other plants. The only problem is that they don’t provide the best coverage for Betta. They do fill up your tank well, but they don’t offer large leaves for fish to hide in.
Still, these are nice looking plants that create a nice blanket for Betta tanks. Other plants can even be grown in this. And you create a natural-looking grass floor for your aquarium.
What’s really appealing about the Java Moss though is its ability to improve tank water. They are one of the best plants to use if you want to effectively oxygenate a tank. Bettas will get great benefits from this plant and breathe better in their home.
It’s not hard to plant the Moss, and you won’t need substrate like other flora. You can let this plant float freely or attach it to rocks and wood. And make sure to trim the Moss so it does not grow wildly in your tank!
Anacharis is a large aquarium plant that is ideal for a number of Betta setups. Anacharis leaves are known to promote breathability in tanks. They are also great if you have algae problems in your water. Anacharis actually inhibit algae growth. Natural substances present in this plant will help with this effect.
Overall, there is great value in the oxygenation and filtering functions found in this fauna. So if you want to keep your Betta in a thriving environment I suggest purchasing this plant.
Growing conditions are not overly complicated. Anacharis like temperate climates but can survive in warmer Betta waters. They will survive in your Betta tank, but extra fertilizer is a must if you want them to flourish. Other than this, your plants won’t have many needs.
Any kind of light is fine with this plant, and besides occasional trimming, there isn’t much to do with this species. It grows naturally full and gives Betta plenty of shaded areas.
Planting an Anacharis is simple as well. You could let this plant hang out in the water column, but it’s better to root it down in a substrate. Especially if you want a bigger Anacharis for Betta. Rocks and driftwood are other options you can consider too.
5. Amazon Sword
Betta fish owners love this next plant. The Amazon Sword is a hardy and strong plant choice for Betta tanks. They will readily adapt to your aquarium needs, no matter the condition. Really, as long as you provide the Amazon with strong light, it will grow well.
Of course, you also should provide this plant with fertilizer and a substrate. It needs to be held down firmly in your tank to grow right. I recommend burying the roots deep in the substrate you choose. Your fertilizer should also have plenty of iron and CO2 infused into it. This way your Amazon grows large!
Know that this is a big plant. You don’t want to put this in a Nano betta tank. It needs at least ten gallons to grow as it shoots up anywhere from twelve inches to twenty-four inches. So get yourself a large aquarium. You can put it in a smaller setup, but you will stunt the growth of your plant, and have to trim it more often.
Still, regardless of what you decide to do with this plant, your Betta will gain a great amount of coverage. This is also a great plant if you are looking for a centerpiece for your water!
Anubias is similarly large to the Amazon Sword. It typically grows around twelve inches but will require more than five gallons to house it. With a plant of this size, your pet will have ample space to hide and relax. Furthermore, this is a good choice for Betta if you want an easy plant to care for.
Low light can be used on the Anubias, but you can up the light intensity to cultivate a larger specimen. Still, the plant won’t take over your tank space. It grows at an even pace that is not hard to keep up with. Trimming can be performed less frequently with the Anubias.
In addition, you can add the Anubias to a Betta tank without issue. They adapt well to a number of climates and conditions. The only thing you should worry about is planting this large species. It’s preferable to use driftwood or some other object to root your plant.
However, substrates like gravel can be utilized as well. Just don’t suffocate the roots of this plant. They need to be put in delicately, and not covered too much.
7. Dwarf Hairgrass
Dwarf Hairgrass is a carpet type plant that grows luscious grass-like tendrils. If you are looking to create a visually appealing tank, this is a great choice. Dwarf Hairgrass naturally accentuates other plants and tank decorations with ease.
The Dwarf Hairgrass is an easy to grow fauna and won’t require much adjustment to fit in with your colorful pet. In fact, this plant enjoys warmer climates which make it a perfect fit with Betta fish. Really, if you want to give this plant optimal conditions, just give it fertilizer to grow in.
A substrate can be used as well, this way your Hairgrass roots in nicely to the bottom of your aquarium. Moderate amounts of light will further the growth of this greenery too. Unfortunately, your Betta won’t be able to hide well in this grass, but your pet will breathe better and have cleaner water if this is planted in your tank!
8. Water Wisteria
Water Wisteria are tropical plants that do best in warmer water similar to Betta’s natural habitat. This species thrives in low levels of light and can be rooted in gravel and other substrates. Wisteria can also be potted in your tank as well. In truth, there are many ways to set up a Wisteria in your tank. For the best outcomes though, fertilizer should be put in your tank.
Water Wisteria are popular for their unique looks. They are delicate looking plants that fill out Betta aquariums in a pleasing way. And they get quite large too. They can reach measurements of up to two feet so get a tank that is at least ten gallons!
While these plants do well in lower light, you can give them higher volumes of illumination for a bigger centerpiece. A small specimen can be maintained with less light and regular trimming. On the whole, though, Betta fish will love exploring their tank with the lovely leaves of the Wisteria.
9. Marimo Moss Ball
If you have a smaller Betta tank Marimo Moss Balls are the perfect product. Betta will benefit greatly from this plant accessory, and you won’t have to stress out over plant care. Moss balls aren’t technically moss or aquarium plants. These are actually live balls of good algae.
They like the same climate as Betta and last in tanks for years. Even though they aren’t really plants, you get many of the same filtering and oxygenation benefits that are found with full-grown greenery. In addition, Betta fish like napping on the surface of these soft objects.
Really though, the biggest benefit of Moss Balls is their convenience. You don’t have to do much with these products. Just pop them into your tank, and rinse them off every now and then. On the whole, these are uniquely useful for Betta tanks! They are also cost-effective and don’t have added expenses like other plants do.
10. Amazon Frogbit
Amazon Frogbit is a well-liked floating plant. It provides the best plant shade for Bettas if grown right. So, if you want a plant specimen with great coverage, try this one out! Frogbit has long thick roots and creates a jungle-like appearance in Betta tanks. This makes for a fun and unique atmosphere for your fish. Really, you won’t find other plants that look like this one.
In addition to looking great, Frogbit can also help with Betta breeding. If you want to breed more Betta I recommend using this plant. Its roots are the perfect place for fish to hide and keep their eggs safe.
As a floating plant, Frogbit does not require much maintenance. It grows fairly fast with a minimal amount of effort. In fact, you’ll want to trim and prune this plant a lot to keep your tank from becoming infested with the Frogbit.
A substrate is not required if you are floating the plant, but do give the Amazon plenty of fertilizer. The light level should also be considered. Three hours of high light should be a part of your daily care for the Frogbit. In addition, do not let the leaves of the Frogbit get wet or they will wilt.